Fairfax County wants you to compost your kitchen scraps. If you don’t compost your scraps they go here.
- How To Compost
- Composting for the Homeowner
- Making Compost from Yard Waste
- Avoid rats and never compost meat or dairy products!
- Backyard Permaculture Video – Awesome video from Australia of turning a small barren piece of land into a mini food forest. This gentleman does a great job of showing that semi finished compost is sometimes better than waiting until it is all black. The composting process is part of what makes incomplete compost agreat garden amenity.
- Permaculture Ethics and Principles
My appeal to growing food was enhanced by the idea of valuing all resources and not letting anything go to waste unnecessarily. This is what defines Permaculture Principle #6. Permaculture consists of 12 principles defined by Sepp Holzer, Bill Mollison and David Holmgren as an approach to designing human settlements and perennial agricultural systems that mimic the relationships found in natural ecologies. That’s a fancy way of saying permaculture is a way for humans to live with nature as nature lives. This does not mean moving into the woods and living in trees. Far from it. It means the easiest way to bring forth productive life is to do what nature does. Nature does not sow 10,000 acres of only one kind of corn and then nurture the soil with roundup and other chemicals made from petroleum. Neither should humans.
This brings me to the subject of compost or as I prefer to call it – Black Gold. Before I ever began gardening I first made compost. It was almost three years ago when I began to research about how to plan for our first gardens and I eventually came across the subject of composting. Virginia Tech and The University of Illinois had produced websites on the subject of composting for the homeowner. Being a new homeowner at the time it was natural that I was drawn to them. Of the dozens of good websites out there I found that these two university sites which I link to in today’s show notes were the easiest to understand and allow for application of new knowledge. I knew nothing of composting and previously thought that any amenities added to a home garden would have to come from a home store. I quickly learned otherwise and was intrigued by the idea of recycling certain waste from our home instead of sending it to the county landfill. To clarify I was highly interested in the idea of getting better and bigger food out of my yet unbuilt gardens for free. Well not exactly free because I knew some labor would be involved but I relished the thought of making my own black gold and seeing my kids with holding big fat tomatoes and cucumbers in their hands.
Making black gold is a long process that first involves selecting a place to make compost and finding materials to build a proper sized composting container. As you will see in the links in today’s show notes the concept I followed on was making the compost bin from discarded and free wooden pallets. This design produce aerobic compost or compost that has a lot air in the system while it is being made. This allows for odorless compost full of white creepy crawlies to thrive and do what they do best. Eat waste. The pallets allowed for me to take the recycling effort beyond our own waste to that of others. The four pallet compost bin was placed out of site and out of mind behind our shed in the back. My son and I nailed the pallets together and wired three sides shut. The fourth pallet was hinged by wire and had a wire hook for making a large closed box. This 4 foot by 4 foot box was the perfect size for allowing the materials that would become compost to mesh together at the right proportions and make the right amount of heat to create the black gold.
Once the box was made I began to layer the inside as indicated by the University of Illinois guide of first placing a large amount of sticks, branches and twigs to allow for some air flow at the bottom. On top of this i placed about 1 foot of leaves, followed by a layer of grass clippings, a gallon of fish emulsion and water mix, a layer of dirt, followed by a repeated pattern of these materials until it reach at least ¾ of the height of the pallet box or about 3 feet. I then watered the whole mound extensively and left alone.
We then began to add kitchen waste to mound regularly which consisted of all veggie and fruit scraps, egg shells, coffee grounds, etc. but never meat or any dairy products. Avoid rats and never compost meat or dairy products. Once a week for the first 2 months I would open up the hinged side and stab at the pile with a steel garden rake. I would then begin an arduous process of trying to turn the pile with a shovel. Within 2 ½ months the compost was ready to harvest but in limited small amounts. The first year of gardening consisted of a lot of trial and error but with the help of Mel Bartholomew’s Square Foot Gardening book and Jack Spirko of TheSurvivalPodcast.com I began to learn the best use of this precious material. I began with placement of it around the tomato plants and even began to make some compost tea to help stretch it. Throughout that summer I strained every week to turn the pile and when available place compost where I thought it would do good. I also used compost which was not quite composted in several of the gardens I built that first year. I would typically layer the bottom of a bed with sticks and twigs and place fresh scraps and partially composted material on top and then layer that deep with Mel’s mix of vermiculite, peat moss, dirt from around the property and a hummus & manure mix.
It was not until that second season that I wised up and purchased a pitch fork and the work of turning compost diminished greatly. If you are going to make compost as I have described then the only way to do it well and keep a good attitude is to do it with a pitch fork. Also, by the second year I began to use the compost more wisely and I learned some of the techniques from an Australian gentleman who made a great Google video called backyard permaculture. I link to this 72 minute film below and the entire film is a great educational tool for any gardener. The producer breaks down into easy to understand steps all of the things he and friends did to turn a small barren property into a vibrant food forest through the application of the 12 principles of permaculture. In one part he discusses compost and mentions that it is not necessary to wait for the finished product before use. He explains this is so because compost gives off energy as it is being formed and the finished product mostly consists of material without any extra energy to give off. Sometimes the availability of that energy is vital to plants needing a natural boost. Nature does this in the forests and I do it in my gardens.
Also during that second season I began to make greater use of compost as an amenity to various patches of ground that had become worn. Rather than adding unnatural fertilizer and grass seed to the yards that surround the gardens precious homemade compost has become a regular addition to the soil in the fall and spring. However, we never seem to have enough of it and there are plans for adding to our overall compost production capability.
By the third growing season in 2011 making compost had become second nature to me. It is a rather simple process to manage and maintain and I enjoy the labor involved as a way to warm up for working outside. I’ve learned to use compost in a variety of ways which include soil amenity, mulch, making compost tea and lawn amenity. This year I have added a fifth use of compost to the overall gardening plan and that is composting inside the green room where I start my plants and have been to growing plants all winter. My task now in the midst of this winter in north American season is to continue to add good composting materials to the main compost pile.